Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: The Rise of Polarized and Precarious Employment Systems in the United States, 1970s-2000s (The American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology)

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Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: The Rise of Polarized and Precarious Employment Systems in the United States, 1970s-2000s (The American Sociological Association's Rose Series in Sociology) by Arne L. Kalleberg.pdf

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Descriptions : div br The economic boom of the s veiled a grim reality in addition to the growing gap between rich and poor the gap between good and bad quality jobs was also expanding The postwar prosperity of the mid twentieth century had enabled millions of American workers to join the middle class but as author Arne L Kalleberg shows by the s this upward movement had slowed in part due to the steady disappearance of secure well paying industrial jobs Ever sincerecarious employment has been on the risepaying low wages offering few benefits and with virtually no long term security Today the polarization between workers with higher skill levels and those with low skills and low wages is more entrenched than ever i Good Jobs Bad Jobs i traces this trend to large scale transformations in the American labor market and the changing demographics of low wage workers Kalleberg draws on nearly four decades of survey data as well as his own research to evaluate trends in U S job quality and suggest ways to improve American labor market practices and social policies br i Good Jobs Bad Jobs irovides an insightful analysis of how and why precarious employment is gaining ground in the labor market and the role these developments have played in the decline of the middle class Kalleberg shows that by the s government deregulation global competition and the rise of the service sector gained traction while institutional protections for workerssuch as unions and minimum wage legislationweakened Together these forces marked the end of postwar security for American workers The composition of the labor force also changed significantly the number of dual earner families increased as did the share of the workforce comprised of women non white and immigrant workers Of these groups blacks Latinos and immigrants remain concentrated in the most precarious and low quality jobs with educational attainment being the leading indicator of who will earn the highest wages and experience the most job security and highest levels of autonomy and control over their jobs and schedules Kalleberg demonstrates however that building a better safety netincreasing government responsibility for worker health care and retirement as well as strengthening unionscan go a long way toward redressing the effects of todays volatile labor market br There is every reason to expect that the growth of precarious jobswhich already make up a significant share of the American job marketwill continue i Good Jobs Bad Jobs i deftly shows that the decline in U S job quality is not the result of fluctuations in the business cycle but rather the result of economic restructuring and the disappearance of institutional protections for workers Only government employers and labor working together on long term strategiesincluding an expanded safety net strengthened legal protections and better training opportunitiescan help reverse this trend br i b A Volume in the American Sociological Associations Rose Series in Sociology b i br div










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