Revolutionary Brotherhood: Freemasonry and the Transformation of the American Social Order, 1730-1840 (Published by the Omohundro Institute of Early American ... and the University of North Carolina Press)

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Descriptions : In the first comprehensive history of the fraternity known to outsiders primarily for its secrecy and rituals Steven Bullock traces Freemasonry through its first century in America He follows the order from its origins in Britain and its introduction into North America in the s to its near destruction by a massive anti Masonic movement almost a century later and its subsequent reconfiguration into the brotherhood we know today With a membership that included Benjamin Franklin George Washington Paul Revere and Andrew Jackson Freemasonry is fascinating in its own right but Bullock also places the movement at the center of the transformation of American society and culture from the colonial era to the rise of Jacksonian democracy Using lodge records members reminiscences and correspondence and local and Masonic histories Bullock links Freemasonry with the changing ideals of early American society Although the fraternity began among colonial elites its spread during the Revolution and afterward allowed it to play an important role in shaping the new nation s ideas of liberty and equality Ironically however the more inclusive and universalist Masonic ideas became the more threatening its members economic and emotional bonds seemed to outsiders sparking an explosive attack on the fraternity after American History br br










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